Legislation and Regulation


Adjudicative Tribunals Accountability, Governance and Appointments Act

The Adjudicative Tribunals Accountability, Governance and Appointments Act, 2009 (ATAGAA) lets the government group adjudicative tribunals into an organization called a cluster, when “the matters that the tribunals deal with are such that they can operate more effectively and efficiently as part of a cluster than alone”.

In January 2011, the government created the Social Justice Tribunals Ontario cluster which brought together the Child and Family Services Review Board, the Custody Review Board, the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, the Landlord and Tenant Board, the Ontario Special Education Tribunal (English), the Ontario Special Education Tribunal (French) and the Social Benefits Tribunal. The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board became the cluster’s eighth tribunal on April 1, 2015.

ATAGAA requires adjudicative tribunals to publish governance and public accountability documents including: a mandate and mission statement, qualifications for members (adjudicators), service standards, a complaints policy and an ethics plan. ATAGAA also requires that appointments of members are made following a competitive, merit-based competition.

The full text of the legislation and regulations can be accessed on the e-laws website.

Each tribunal within Social Justice Tribunals Ontario continues to exercise the powers specifically given to it under law. Links to tribunal-specific legislation can be found under the “Law, Rules and Decisions” tab of each tribunal’s web page.

Statutory Powers Procedures Act

The Statutory Powers Procedures Act provides a general framework for the conduct of hearings before Ontario’s administrative tribunals. The full text of the legislation can be accessed on the e-laws website.