Information Sheet: Claims Arising from Homicide

The CICB will consider four types of claims when there has been a homicide:

  1. Funeral and related expenses
  2. Bereavement (grief) counselling expenses
  3. Loss of financial support
  4. Mental or nervous shock

Funeral and related expenses

We will only consider reimbursing funeral and related expenses if they were not covered by any other source, including private insurance, the Victim Quick Response Program or Canada Pension Plan benefits.

A claim for funeral and related expenses should be made by the person who actually paid for the expenses and can provide proof of payment.

We do not generally pay for:

We may pay for:

Bereavement counselling

We may consider expenses related to bereavement counselling for:

We will only consider bereavement counselling claims after funeral expenses and claims for dependent children (see "Loss of Financial Support", below) and have been paid. Priority will be given to family members who lived with the victim at the time of his/her death.

Loss of financial support

We may provide financial support for dependants of a deceased victim. A dependant could be a spouse, parent, grandparent, minor child, brother, sister or any other relative who the victim was supporting financially before their death.

For a child to be eligible for this type of support, they must be:

  1. under age 18, or
  2. between the ages of 18 and 21 and in full-time attendance at a recognized school or university

Each dependant must provide proof of financial dependence on the deceased victim. Proof could be:

Mental or nervous shock

We cannot award compensation for the grief and sorrow that follow a death, or for problems in dealing with the aftermath of a violent incident, such as difficulty in adjusting to a new lifestyle, stress, financial problems or having to attend court.

However, if a person witnessed a homicide or arrived at the scene of the crime and experienced severe psychological trauma, we may consider the injury known as "mental or nervous shock".

Mental or nervous shock is a legal term and not a medical condition.

For there to be a finding of mental or nervous shock, the applicant must meet all of the following criteria:

For more information, see the CICB information sheet: Mental or Nervous Shock Claims. You can download information sheets from our website at or call us and ask for a copy.

Contact the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board

Toronto area: 416-326-2900
Toll free: 1-800-372-7463
Fax: 416-326-2883

Criminal Injuries Compensation Board
655 Bay Street, 14th floor
Toronto, ON M7A 2A3

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Last updated: March 2017